COMMONWEALTH GAMES

 

Introduction

The Commonwealth Games is a multinational, multi-sport event . Held every four years, it involves the elite athletes of the Commonwealth of Nations . Attendance at the Commonwealth Games is typically around 5,000 athletes.

The first such event, then known as the British Empire Games , was held in 1930. The name changed to British Empire and Commonwealth Games in 1954, to British Commonwealth Games in 1970 and assumed the current name of the Commonwealth Games in 1978.

As well as many Olympic sports , the Games also include some sports that are played mainly in Commonwealth countries, such as lawn bowls , rugby sevens and netball .

There are currently 53 members of the Commonwealth of Nations and 71 teams participate in the Games. The four constituent countries of the United Kingdom - England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland -send separate teams to the Commonwealth Games, and individual teams are also sent from the British Crown Dependencies - Guernsey , Jersey and the Isle of Man -and many of the British overseas territories .
Only six teams have attended every Commonwealth Games: Australia , Canada , England , New Zealand , Scotland and Wales .

History

The first Commonwealth Games were held in 1930 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Bobby Robinson, a major influence within athletics in Canada at the time, finally implemented the event that had been talked about amongst Commonwealth nations for over thirty years. Eleven countries with 400 athletes in total participated in the first Commonwealth Games. $30,000 was provided by the City of Hamilton to these nations to help cover traveling costs. Since then, the Games have been conducted every four years except for 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

From 1930 to 1950 the Games were known as the British Empire Games, then the British Empire and Commonwealth Games until 1962. From 1966 to 1974 they took on the title of British Commonwealth Games and from 1978 onwards they have been known as simply the Commonwealth Games. A governor-general represents her in the country.

Growth of the Games

While other Games around the globe have been founded on geographic or climatic factors such as the Asian, Pan Am, African Games and Winter Olympics, the Commonwealth Games has been founded on history. Unique characteristics of the Commonwealth Games include being the only Games which shares a common language. All athletes and officials can converse with each other in English, creating an atmosphere that has led to the Commonwealth Games being long known as the "Friendly Games".

The bonds of the Commonwealth Games help to encourage and support the pursuit of health and fitness in each of the member countries and provide an inspiration for youth to strive for excellence.

Origins

A sporting competition bringing together the members of the British Empire was first proposed by Reverend Astley Cooper in 1891 when he wrote an article in The Times suggesting a "Pan-Britannic-Pan-Anglican Contest and Festival every four years as a means of increasing the goodwill and good understanding of the British Empire".

In 1911, the Festival of the Empire was held in London to celebrate the coronation of King George V . As part of the festival an Inter-Empire Championships was held in which teams from Australia, Canada, South Africa and the United Kingdom competed in events such as boxing, wrestling, swimming and athletics.

In 1928, Melville Marks (Bobby) Robinson of Canada was asked to organise the first British Empire Games. These were held in Hamilton, Ontario two years later.

Opening ceremony traditions

  • From 1930 through 1950, the parade of nations was led by a single flagbearer carrying the Union Jack , symbolising Britain's leading role in the British Empire.
  • Since 1958 , there has been a relay of athletes carrying a baton from Buckingham Palace to the Opening Ceremony. This baton has within it the Queen's Message of Greeting to the athletes. The baton's final bearer is usually a famous sporting personage of the host nation.
  • All other nations march in English alphabetical order, except that the first nation marching in the Parade of Athletes is the host nation of the previous games, and the host nation of the current games marches last. In 2006 countries marched in alphabetical order in geographical regions.
  • Three national flags fly from the stadium on the poles that are used for medal ceremonies: Previous host nation, Current host nation, Next host nation.
  • The Military is more active in the Opening Ceremony than in the Olympic Games . This is to honour the British Military traditions of the Old Empire.

Boycotts

The Commonwealth Games, like the Olympic Games, has also suffered from political boycotts . Nigeria boycotted the 1978 Games in protest of New Zealand 's sporting contacts with apartheid -era South Africa , and 32 of 59 nations from Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean boycotted the 1986 Commonwealth Games due to the Thatcher government's attitude to South African sporting contacts. Boycotts were also threatened in 1974, 1982, and 1990 because of South Africa.

Editions

British Empire Games

British Empire and Commonwealth Games

British Commonwealth Games

Commonwealth Games


Map of Member Countries

 

Africa

  1. Botswana
  2. Cameroon
  3. Gambia
  4. Ghana
  5. Kenya
  6. Lesotho
  7. Malawi
  8. Mauritius
  9. Nambia
  10. Nigeria
  11. Seychelles
  12. Sierra Leone
  13. South Africa
  14. Swaziland
  15. Uganda
  16. United Republic of Tanzania
  17. Zambia
  18. Zimbabwe (former member)

Americas

  1. Belize
  2. Bermuda
  3. Canada
  4. Falkland Islands
  5. Guyana
  6. St. Helena

Asia

  1. Banglesh
  2. Brunai
  3. India
  4. Malaysia
  5. Maldives
  6. Pakistan
  7. Singapore
  8. Sri Lanka

Caribbean

  1. Anguilla
  2. Anitgna and Barbuda
  3. Buhamas
  4. Barbados
  5. British Virgin Islands
  6. Caymen Islands
  7. Dominica
  8. Grenada
  9. Jamaica
  10. Montserrat
  11. St kitts and Nevis
  12. St Lucia
  13. St Vincent and the Grenadines
  14. Trinidad and Tobago
  15. Turks and Caicos

Europe

  1. Cyprus
  2. England
  3. Gibraltar
  4. Guernsey
  5. Isle of Man
  6. Jersey
  7. Northern Ireland
  8. Scotland
  9. Wales

Oceania

  1. Australia
  2. Cook Islands
  3. Fiji
  4. Kiribati
  5. Nauru
  6. New Zealand
  7. Niue
  8. Nor flok Island
  9. Papua New Guinea
  10. Samoa
  11. Solomon Islands
  12. Tonga
  13. Tuvalu
  14. Vanuatu

 

  Pakistan's Medal Tally in Commonwealth Games

S.No.
Game
Year
Location
Medals
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
1
1954
  Vancouver (Canada)
1
3
2
6
2
1958
  Cardiff (Wales)
3
5
2
10
3
1962
  Perth  (Australia)
8
1
-
9
4
1966
  Kingston (Jamaica)
4
1
4
9
5
1970
  Edinburgh (Scotland)
4
3
3
10
6
10th
1974
  Christchurch (New Zealand)
Did not participate
7
11th
1978
  Edmonton (Canada)
- do -
8
12th
1982
  Brisbane (Australia)
- do -
9
13th
1986
  Edinburgh (Scotland)
- do -
10
14th
1990
  Auckland (New Zealand)
-
-
-
-
11
1994
  Victoria (Canada)
-
-
3
3
12
1998
  Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
-
1
-
1
13
2002
  Manchester (England)
1
3
4
8
14
2006
  Melbourne (Australia)
1
3
1
5
15
2010
  New Delhi (India)
2
1
2
5
16
2014
  Glasgow (Scotland)
-
3
1
4
Total    
24
24
22
70