ASIAN GAMES

 

Introduction

The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia . The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia ( OCA ) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committee ( IOC ). Medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition which started in 1950.

Competitors are entered by a National Olympic Committee ( NOC ) to represent their country of citizenship. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used. In general only recognised nations are represented, but a few non-sovereign countries are allowed to take part. The special case of Taiwan was handled by having it compete as Chinese Taipei , due to disagreements over the political status of Taiwan .

History

Far Eastern Championship Games

The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations: Empire of Japan , Philippine Islands and Republic of China . The first games were held in Manila in 1913. Other East Asian nations participated after its organized. It was discontinued in 1938 when Japan invaded China and consequently annexed the Philippines which led to the extension World War II in the Pacific.

Formation of the Asian Games

After World War II , a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the new independent Asian countries want to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance cannot be used by violence and should be strengthen by mutual understanding. In August 1948, during the 14th Olympic Games in London , Indian IOC representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation. In February, 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formally formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhi , the capital of India . They added that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years .

Reorganization of the Federation

In 1962, the Federation had a disagreement over the inclusion of Republic of China and Israel . Asian Games host Indonesia opposed the participation of Republic of China due to the existence of People's Republic of China and Israel due to its unfair treatment of Arabs. In 1970, South Korea dropped its plan to host the games due to security threats from North Korea , forcing previous host Thailand to administer the games in Bangkok using the funds of South Korea . In 1973, the Federation had another disagreement after U.S. and other countries formally recognized the People's Republic of China and Arab nation's opposition to Israel . In 1977, Pakistan dropped its plan to host the games due to conflicts with Bangladesh and India . Thailand offered to help and the games were held in Bangkok .

Due to events happened, the Asian NOCs decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games Federation. A new association, named Olympic Council of Asia , was created. India was already scheduled to host the 1982 Games and OCA decided not to drop the old AGF timetable. OCA formally supervised the games starting from the 1986 Asian Games in South Korea .

In the succeeding games, Taiwan (Republic of China) was readmitted but OCA decided to follow the standards of the IOC for Taiwan to use the name Chinese Taipei . The OCA also agreed to permanently exclude Israel as its member and requested the country to join into European competitions.

Western Expansion

In the 1994 Asian Games, despite opposition from other nations, OCA admitted the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan , Kyrgystan , Uzbekistan , Turkmenistan , and Tajikistan .

Member Countries

S.No.
Code
Name/IOC designation
1
AFG
 Afghanistan
2
BAN
 Bangladesh
3
BHU
 Bhutan
4
BRN
 Bahrain
5
BRU
 Brunei (IOC designation: Brunei Darussalam)
6
CAM
 Cambodia
7
CHN
 China (IOC designation: People's Republic of China)
8
HKG
 Hong Kong, China
9
IND
 India
10
INA
 Indonesia
11
IRI
 Iran (IOC designation: Islamic Republic of Iran)
12
IRQ
 Iraq
13
JOR
 Jordan
14
JPN
 Japan
15
KAZ
 Kazakhstan
16
KGZ
 Kyrgyzstan
17
KOR
 Republic of Korea (IOC designation: Korea)
18
KSA
 Saudi Arabia
19
KUW
 Kuwait
20
LAO
 Laos (IOC designation: Lao People's Democratic Republic)
21
LIB
 Lebanon
22
MAC
 Macau, People's Republic of China
23
MAS
 Malaysia
24
MDV
 Maldives
25
MGL
 Mongolia
26
MYA
 Myanmar
27
NEP
 Nepal
28
OMA
 Oman
29
PAK
 Pakistan
30
PHI
 Philippines
31
PLE
 Palestine (IOC designation:  Palestine)
32
PRK
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
33
QAT
 Qatar
34
SIN
 Singapore
35
SRI
 Sri Lanka
36
SYR
 Syria (IOC designation: Syrian Arab Republic)
37
THA
 Thailand
38
TJK
 Tajikistan
39
TKM
 Turkmenistan
40
TLS
 Timor-Leste
41
TPE
Chinese Taipei, also known as Republic of China (Taiwan), (IOC Designation: Chinese Taipei)
42
UAE
 United Arab Emirates
43
UZB
 Uzbekistan
44
VIE
 Vietnam (IOC designation: Viet Nam)
45
YEM
 Yemen

 

List of Asian Games

   Year
Game
Venue
Country
1951
  I
  New Delhi   India
1954
  II
  Manila   Philippines
1958
  III
  Tokyo   Japan
1962
  IV
  Jakarta   Indonesia
1966
  V
  Bangkok   Thailand
1970
  VI
  Bangkok   Thailand
1974
  VII
  Tehran   Iran
1978
  VIII
  Bangkok   Thailand
1982
  IX
  New Delhi   India
1986
  X
  Seoul   South Korea
1990
  XI
  Beijing   China
1994
  XII
  Hiroshima   Japan
1998
  XIII
  Bangkok   Thailand
2002
  XIV
  Busan   South Korea
2006
  XV
  Doha   Qatar
2010
  XVI
  Guangzhou   China
2014
  XVII
  Incheon   South Korea
   


Pakistan's Medal Tally in Asian Games

S.No.
Game
Year
Location
Medals
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
1
  I
1951
 Delhi ( India )
No participation
2
  II
1954
 Manila ( Philippines )
5
6
2
13
3
  III
1958
 Tokyo ( Japan )
6
11
9
26
4
  IV
1962
 Djakarta ( Indonesia )
8
11
9
28
5
  V
1966
 Bangkok ( Thailand )
2
4
2
8
6
  VI
1970
 Bangkok ( Thailand )
1
2
7
10
7
  VII
1974
 Tehran ( Iran )
2
-
8
10
8
  VIII
1978
 Bangkok ( Thailand )
4
4
9
17
9
  IX
1982
 Delhi ( India )
3
3
5
11
10
  X
1986
 Seoul ( South Korea )
2
4
3
09
11
  XI
1990
 Beijing ( China )
4
1
7
12
12
  XII
1994
 Hiroshima ( Japan )
-
4
6
10
13
  XIII
1998
 Bangkok ( Thailand )
2
4
9
15
14
  XIV
2002
 Busan ( South Korea )
1
6
6
13
15
  XV
2006
 Doha ( Qatar )
-
1
3
04
16
  XVI
2010
 Guangzhou ( China )
3
2
3
08
17
  XVII
2014
 Incheon ( South Korea )
1
1
3
05
Total    
44
64
91
199